The city of Salvador was founded in 1549 by the governor of Brazil, Thomé de Souza. Was planned and built to be the capital of America Lusitanian, beginning the effective colonization of Brazil. It was built within the All Saints Bay, which housed the sixteenth century the largest export port in the Southern Hemisphere, where they were sent to European metropolises Brazilian sugar, with the port of Salvador that received more African slaves in the New World.
Salvador is notable in Brazil for its cuisine, music and architecture, and its metropolitan area is the wealthiest of northeastern Brazil. The African influence in many cultural aspects of the city makes it the center of african – Brazilian culture. This reflects a situation in which we celebrate african -Brazilian cultural practices. The historical center of Salvador, Pelourinho iconized in the district, is renowned for its Portuguese colonial architecture with historical monuments dating from the seventeenth century to the nineteenth century and was declared a World Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural (UNESCO) in 1985.
The Santo Antonio Alem do Carmo is one of the oldest neighborhoods of Salvador, his first record dates back to the seventeenth century. Historically the district of Santo Antonio was housing for the media segments of the population, compound area , possibly by small artisans and employees of public administration and the trade was there, too, the streets of San Antonio, in 1823, the army of liberation spent with his soldiers towards the Shrine of Jesus people. The procession, which leaves Lapinha repeats every year on the day we celebrate the Independence of Bahia: July 2.